I am a proud Demisexual! And I always have a hard time explaining it to other people, let alone myself some times? But this makes it really easy ^^ please reblog and share this.
This is neat; I like it.
FINALLY AN EDUCATIONAL GRAPHIC THAT USES THE DEFINITION OF BISEXUAL THAT I ACTUALLY IDENTIFY WITH
Writing About Street Gangs
I’m not an expert when it comes to writing about street gangs, but I managed to gather a list of websites that might help you.
- How Street Gangs Work
- Gangs of Los Angeles
- Street Gangs - Department Of Justice
- Chicago Gang History
- Gang Watchers
- FBI - Gangs
- Criminal Street Gangs
- Street Gang Dynamics
- Street Gang Slang
As in for actual tips, I recommend you make these ‘gangsters’ actual people. Remember that they’re more than the gang they belong to, and therefore you need to have them developed enough for your readers to understand why they joined the gang, what do they expect to get from being in the gang and the back story that made want to join a gang.
Today, Haley Radford, president of the former NaNoWriMo sponsor and agent matchmaking service LitFactor, shares three things authors might not know literary agents want:
Communication is king in 21st century publishing, and yet, there so often exists a frustrating breakdown between those who work in the business of books and those who are producing the glorious stories that sustain it. The mismatch between what literary agents really want and what writers think they want is a perfect example of this peculiar industry disconnect.
How can I describe my characters feelings? - Anonymous
Since your characters aren’t exactly real people your readers can talk to and get to know in real-life manners, their feelings and emotions and thoughts are what lets your readers connect with them. These things are what make your characters as real as possible, what gives them depth, which will determine whether your readers will root for them or hope for them to fail. Therefore, this is something you shouldn’t neglect. Below, you’ll find some tips on how to display your characters’ feelings and emotions in your writing.
- Show Don’t Tell. Biological Responses. One way of letting your readers know about how your characters are feeling is by using biological responses we have all felt. For instance, if you mention that your character’s heart rate increased after seeing or hearing something, your readers will understand your character is afraid of something. There are other ways of using this method to show your characters’ feelings, but by using biological responses to certain emotions you are using the readers’ past experience with their own emotions to connect and relate to your characters. Here, you’ll learn about the role biology plays in our emotions. However, if we’re describing a character we have no “inside information” on - a character whose biological responses we don’t know -, we refer to their physical displays of emotion. People are likely to clench their teeth in anger, open their mouths in astonishment, etc.
- Use different words. There are many different words you can use to depict your character’s state of mind. If you keep using the same ones, you risk them losing their meaning or going weak. If all your characters are described as “happy” when something happens, your reader will lose sense of the different levels of importance different events have for your characters. Therefore, if you are going to refer to single words in order to display emotions/feelings, do so using different words. You can find a list of words to use when describing feelings here.
- Dialogue. People will speak differently depending on how they are feeling. When you’re really excited about something, you’re likely to speak in a fast manner, skipping some words, repeating others… whereas when you’re worried or afraid you’re likely to have an incoherent speech, stop yourself mid-sentence, speak with little “hmms” and pauses…
- Your characters’ actions. The things we do say a lot about what we’re feeling. If your character is angry while walking into a room, he’s likely to slam the door shut; if he’s happy when he gets home, he’s more likely to go and greet everyone than to go hide in his room.
- Create habits for your characters. We all have different habits and while some things we do might not mean much to people on the outside, those who know us can often tell how we’re feeling by what we are doing or the way we do it. Some people only smoke when they’re stressed, and if you introduce your character to your reader as someone like this, they’ll be able to assume, when your character lights up a cigarette, that he’s stressed. Make sure your readers know about these habits before you having to use them, or else it will be less effective. (For instance, if your character only smokes when he’s stressed, have another character offer him a cigarette and then have him decline it with the explanation that he only smokes when he’s stressed). This is something that can really work, specially if the first time this habit is introduced is done in a subtle, but effective way.
Below, you’ll find some articles on the matter that might help you:
Here is a post on how to write a matriarchal society.
- Low Population: If 90% of the warrior population is female, they’re going to need years of training and they’ll be busy with lots of stuff after that (war, security, training younger warriors, etc.) and therefore most won’t have time to carry a child and give birth. Unless that 10% of women who are not warriors and the small percentage of warriors who end up “behind the scenes” rather than on the battle field reproduce a lot of kids, there is going to be a low population.
- If this is a futuristic setting, this problem can be avoided through science.
- You can also give some of the warrior population a year off to have a kid. They can still do things like simple training for kids (if warriors begin training as children) or teaching of war tactics.
For interacting with another society that has a different structure, what happens will happen when any two different cultures meet each other. Here are some reactions:
- Fear: Some people might fear another culture for several reasons. The women in your society might fear a society where the roles are switched, so the patriarchal society might be a source of discomfort. This can be the other way around too. Fear is one of the reactions that lead to war and conquest.
- Dislike: This usually comes after fear, but it doesn’t have to. When two or more cultures meet, they may dislike each other for various reasons. If one culture unknowingly upsets another culture with their own cultural practices, that is reason for dislike.
- Admiration: Admiration can be good, but it can also be harmful. Good admiration is respecting a culture while also admiring it and possibly adopting some practices while still being respectful. Harmful admiration is treating another culture as an object and taking their culture for your own, full of all the misunderstandings, stereotypes, and misconceptions.
- Confusion: Other cultures can be confusing. Certain rituals and practices in one culture may make a lot of sense and be important to those people, but an outsider might be confused and see no value in these practices.
- Intrigue: Humanity is interesting and for thousands of years, we’ve been recording aspects of other cultures out of interest. One culture might observe another culture whether they like this culture or not. This is especially true in cultures that are meticulous about recording history.
- Humor: We have all seen something in another culture (or sub-culture (technically a nuclear family could be a sub-culture)) that may be funny to us. We might think it’s funny because it’s comical or we might think it’s funny because we see it as inferior or unbelievable. An extremely patriarchal society might find it funny that women are in charge and vice versa.
- Misconception: Everyone has misconceptions about other cultures. Your matriarchal society and the patriarchal society are going to misunderstand each other and create myths and stereotypes based on observation and mistranslation.
- Ethnocentrism: Mild ethnocentrism (being proud of your culture/country/religion/language/whatever) is okay, but extreme ethnocentrism is where supremacy and oppression come in. Disliking a culture, fearing a culture, thinking another culture is inferior, and thinking your culture is superior leads to war, conquest, oppression, discrimination and even genocide.
A Brief Introduction to Armoured Longsword Combat
- By Matt Anderson and Shane Smith (ARMA Virginia Beach)
Most practitioners of historical fencing have not extensively explored armoured fighting techniques. This is due to several factors, including the expense and difficulty inherent in obtaining a decent reproduction harness.
The fact that most harness fighting techniques involve thrusting and violent grappling actions is also daunting. Still, several members of the ARMA, Virginia Beach study group have for several years had a keen interest in trying to recreate the type of harness fighting we see in the "fechtbuchs".
Not the hack and bash type of display commonly seen at Renn faires, or the armoured stick fighting practiced by some medieval reenacting groups, but something more like what might have really been seen in 15th century Europe. We knew from our examination of the "fechtbuchs" that real armoured fighting of the period was efficient, effective and brutal.
Certain tactical basics became apparent early on. The edge of the sword, for example, is relatively useless against plate armour. Most source texts show no edge blows at all. Rather, armoured sword fighting is all about putting the point into a relatively unprotected area.
In order to thrust effectively and accurately to these relatively small targets such as the face, armpit, inside of the elbow, and other areas which are not covered by plate armour, and defend them, half-swording is the predominant technique.
Half-swording, with a firm grip closer to the point, gives one the thrusting accuracy to hit these relatively small areas. It also enables one to thrust with power and body weight behind the attack, often necessary in order to penetrate the maille and padded garments between the plate defenses.
Grappling moves such as trips and throws are an essential element as well. Levering with the sword, arm and wrist locks, even kicks and hand strikes are all useful techniques against an armoured man. It is often necessary to throw your opponent to the ground and perhaps hold him there in order to make an opening for your finishing move.
The more we studied the source texts, the more we realized that the only way to really learn how to fight in armour was to armour up and try to duplicate what we saw in the source texts. We have studied and experimented with several sources and many techniques but in this article, we will focus on what we have learned in our exploration of the armoured longsword techniques from Fiore Dei Liberi’s Flos Duellatorum.
The problem with the term ‘writing fat’ is that it’s not very specific and hard to pin down. Some articles define it as unspecific words, or lengthy descriptions, but I think it can be summed up as more than that. I’d define fat in writing as a few different things:
Filler scenes. Are you writing scenes just to reach a word count? Do they have no impact on the plot or characters? Chances are you’re going to have to cut them out later. ‘Filler’ is used in TV and movies to provide a much needed tension break from the action or info-laden scenes (think of long shots of driving, making coffee, or the character just walking), or in the worst of cases, to meet some episode requirement (ALTA made fun of having done this quite well in one episode).
In a visual medium, the mind needs those moments to process the previous action or scene. In a written medium, it’s unnecessary, and these scenes tend to be a waste of your investment and the reader’s time.
Description that doesn’t tell us anything. It doesn’t matter how beautifully written it is, if the reader learns nothing from your description, they will start to skim. This is not easy to the hang of at first, but here are some things you should look for:
- Description that sets the stage. When well done, description that establishes the setting of each scene will hook your reader in. If you’re description a place for a reason, it’s okay. If you’re description something because you don’t know what else to write and you’re trying to fill up space, chances are you need to cut it down.
- Description that shows us something about the character. Body language and behavior are important, but you can also use description to frame a character’s mood and viewpoint. How the character views the weather or chooses to describe another person tells us a great deal about how they feel and what kind of person they are.
Pointless dialogue. In real life, a lot of what people say doesn’t have any particular meaning. They’re certainly not trying to move a plot along. In a story, what is said and how it is said is just as essential as anything else. Dialogue should convey information, whether the characters are aware that it is or not. A stilted conversation over coffee can indicate awkwardness and discomfort among two people, and what’s not said is just as important as what is. Your dialogue should be as pointed as your description!
Filler is fine for NaNoWriMo, but when it comes to editing, you need to be sure everything in your story has a purpose. Good luck!
Appearance & Health: Make them actually look their age. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve read a book where someone’s middle aged parents look like they are in their early 30’s and who have the health of someone in their mid 20’s. If your character is middle aged or older, try to give them accurate appearances and health (though that can vary widely).
Priorities: Depending on the time period and setting, most older people are settled. They may not worry about renovating parts of their house or saving up to buy something nice. They could be nearing the end of paying off their house or they might be looking into retirement communities (they are different from nursing homes, which seems to be a common misconception). Instead of worrying about work or promotions, they might worry about family members who are much older and who need constant care.
Knowledge: Again, this depends on time period and setting. What we know about the world, especially in terms of science, medicine, and technology, is changing and advancing daily. Most older people, if they are not involved in these fields, cannot keep up or do not care to keep up. What an older character knows about a particular subject (any subject, with the exception of historical events they lived through) might be outdated. Therefore, older characters are not always the most knowledgeable in a story. However, older people tend to have more knowledge of life experience.
Morals & Values: The morals and values of people change with each generation. Older characters might not have the same morals and values as younger characters.
Diversity: Older characters are just as diverse as young characters. There is no set way to write them. Some older people act a lot younger than they actually are and others do not.
Change: Older characters should still be dynamic in a story. People don’t stop changing. We are constantly learning and evolving.
Read: Read some memoirs about being middle aged or older, where your character is. Get some insight.
For back story, there’s a tag on the tags page for how to reveal that and how to write it.
Dear Oppressed Writer,
Fuckyeahforensics is dedicated to all things forensics, run by a person actively in the field. Beware that there are graphic images and triggers for domestic abuse and blood and wounds and dead bodies. Take a look at their follow page for more tumblrs dedicated to the forensic sciences.
Here is a post about how autopsies happen.
Here is a post about body deterioration.
Here is a slideshow of images of the stages of decomposition of a corpse.
Here’s a post about how to bury bodies and avoid getting caught by forensic detectives.
Hope this helps!
I never even
How did they get away with that
I LOVE THIS
What do you mean how did they get away with it?
History isn’t one straight line progressing towards a liberal society.
Look how much Americans attitudes have changed between 1980 and today. 1980 was the first time most very religious people voted, they abstained before that at the behest of their churches. Now they dictate policy at every election.
In my family photo album there are pictures from the 20s of a woman called ‘uncle bob’. She dressed in men’s clothing, and had a ‘companion’. This was a rough industrial town, they were working class, nobody cared. It was her business.
This is why politics is important - the moment you think everything is better today than it was in the past, you let other people take control of the direction society goes in - with you sitting back presuming we’re going forwards.
I was reading articles on time this morning (nothing like reading about scientists bickering with my cup of coffee) and found an article on how people have different perceptions of time.
I can’t find the article any more but it spoke about how time seems to slow down when…
This masterlist will provide resources and miscellaneous links that might help you have a more realistic and educated view on this subject. Please let me know if any of the links are broken.
I’m definitely recommend reading as much of the genre as you can to get a feel for it.
You can find some steampunk books here.
The TV Tropes page for the steampunk genre may help.